Skip to main content

Table 2 Summary of clusters and the level of consensus per cluster

From: What do international ethics guidelines say in terms of the scope of medical research ethics?

Clusters SC MC WC NC NGI
Basic principles (10)    8 2  
Research collaboration (7)     5 2
Social value (25)    1 21 3
Scientific validity (37) 2 2 5 26 2
Fair participant selection (10)   1 1 6 2
Favorable benefit/risk ratio (25) 2 1 4 17 1
Independent review (80)   3 8 69  
Informed consent (98) 5 9 20 62 2
Respect for participants (36)   3 7 26  
Publication and registration (4)    1 3  
Regulatory sanctions (2)     2  
Research on vulnerable population (52) 2 2 6 42  
Total 11 (2.8 %) 21 (5.4 %) 61 (15.8 %) 281(72.8 %) 12 (3.1 %)