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Table 1 Importance given in discourse to some values according to group of stakeholders in the APS-debate and to the DSM-5

From: Values and DSM-5: looking at the debate on attenuated psychosis syndrome

   Researchers in high-risk mental states Psychotic Disorders Work Group Patient advocacy groups (NAMI) External stakeholders (Allen Frances) DSM-5
Value-commitments       
Aiding the ill by relieving suffering and preventing psychosis [ethical] +++ +++ +++ + +
Scientific development by research expansion and knowledge acquisition [epistemic/pragmatic] ++ ++ - - +
Value-consequences       
Stigmatization and inappropriate prescription of antipsychotic medication [ethical] ++(+) ++ +++ +++ -
Value-entailments       
Mental health commercialism and the influence of political and economic forces [ontological/pragmatic] (++) - ++ +++ -
Neurobiological reductionism and reification [ontological] (++) - - - -
  1. - : absent; + : implicit; ++ : explicit; +++ : emphasized; ( ) : importance given by part of the group