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Table 2 Practice of Informed consent, confidentiality and privacy as graded by data collector

From: Patients' perception and actual practice of informed consent, privacy and confidentiality in general medical outpatient departments of two tertiary care hospitals of Lahore

  Public Hospital Private Hospital Two-sample t-test
Informed consent Frequency (%) Frequency (%) T statistic (df:184) p value
Properly taken 3 (3.2) 2 (2.1) 0.467 0.64
Improperly taken 6 (6.5) 42 (45.7) 6.08 < 0.0001*
Not taken at all 84 (90.3) 49 (53.3) 5.60 < 0.0001*
Total 93 (100) 93 (100)   
Confidentiality Frequency (%) Frequency (%) T statistic (df:184) p value
Adequate 10 (10.8) 33 (35.5) 3.993 < 0.0001*
Inadequate 55 (59.1) 41 (44.1) 2.04 0.0421*
Not at all 28 (30.1) 19 (20.4) 1.523 0.1296
Total 93 (100) 93 (100)   
Privacy Frequency (%) Frequency (%) T statistic (df:107) p value
Adequate 3 (10.7) 21 (25.9) 1.674 0.097
Inadequate 20 (71.4) 51 (63) 0.80 0.423
Not at all 5 (17.9) 9 (11.1) 0.92 0.356
Total 28# (100) 81# (100)   
  1. *results reach statistical significance
  2. #provision of privacy was graded only during physical examinations hence N < 93