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Table 1 Participants' perceived definitions of medical errors

From: A survey of community members' perceptions of medical errors in Oman

Serial No. Definition categories Definitions given by participants Number (%)
1 Wrong prescription/dispensing of medication Wrong medication 93 (34)
2 Wrong diagnosis Wrong diagnosis 73 (26.5)
3 Doctors' technical in-competence Wrong surgery 36 (13)
   Technical incompetence* 10 (3.6)
   Lack of doctor's experience* 7 (3)
4 Other staff technical in-competence (nurses and pharmacist) Giving wrong injection 11 (4)
   Pharmacist incompetence* 4 (1)
5 Others Errors by doctors 5 (2)
   Forgotten surgical items 2 (0.7)
   Wrong vaccination 2 (0.7)
   IV canula left in site for 25 days 1 (0.4)
   Error in first aid 1 (0.4)
   Wrong BP reading 1 (0.4)
   Wrong procedure 1 (0.4)
   Doctor ignorance* 14 (5)
   Poor staff attitude* 4 (1)
   Not updating patients* 2 (0.7)
   Faulty equipment* 1 (0.4)
   Doctors overload* 1 (0.4)
   Slowness in giving care* 1 (0.4)
   Nurses ignorance* 1 (0.4)
   Wrong information by the patient+ 1 (0.4)
   Not following doctors advise+ 1 (0.4)
   Intake of un-prescribed medicine+ 1 (0.4)
   Intake of herbal medicine+ 1 (0.4)
Total    275
  1. Percents are out of total number (275). Please notice that some participants gave more than one definition.
  2. * Causes of medical errors
  3. + Patient-related factor