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Table 1 Top 10 ethical challenges facing Canadians in health care

From: Top 10 health care ethics challenges facing the public: views of Toronto bioethicists

Rank Scenario Score
1 Disagreement between patients/families and health care professionals about treatment decisions 113
2 Waiting lists 102
3 Access to needed health care resources for the aged, chronically ill and mentally ill 89
4 Shortage of family physicians or primary care teams in both rural and urban settings 82
5 Medical error 76
6 Withholding/withdrawing life sustaining treatment in the context of terminal or serious illness 56
7 Achieving informed consent 43
8 Ethical issues related to subject participation in research 40
9 Substitute decision-making 38
10 The ethics of surgical innovation and incorporating new technologies for patient care 21