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Table 4 Kruskal-Wallis pairwise comparisons between variables of the group of countries with a research ethics committee and the group without

From: Status of national research bioethics committees in the WHO African region

Variables Chi-squared statistic p-value Decision at 5% significance level
Maternal mortality per 100000 live births 0.026144 P = 0.8712 not significant, accept H0
Population in a country 7.468966 P = 0.0063 Significant, reject H0
Life expectancy at birth 0.7468966 P = 0.3876 not significant, accept H0
Probability of dying (per 1000) below age 5 years 0.331125 P = 0.565 not significant, accept H0
Probability of dying (per 1000) between age 15–60 years 0.186207 P = 0.6661 not significant, accept H0
Gross national income per capita (US$) 0.111875 P = 0.738 not significant, accept H0
Infant mortality per 1000 live births 0.028161 P = 0.8667 not significant, accept H0
Percentage of population aged 15+ years that is illiterate 0.22623 P = 0.6343 not significant, accept H0
Gross primary enrolment (% of school age population) 2.712306 P = 0.0996 not significant, accept H0
  1. Note: Total number of observations = 28.