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Table 2 Determinants of public appraisal towards governmental efforts, and of public intention to participate in policy discussion (Bivariate analysis)

From: Public appraisal of government efforts and participation intent in medico-ethical policymaking in Japan: a large scale national survey concerning brain death and organ transplant

  Appraisal score [best = 1, worst = 5] Participation score [most = 1, least = 4]
  Category: average appraisal score + sd, and/or Spearman's correlation coefficient (rho) p-value Category: average appraisal score + sd, and/or Spearman's correlation coefficient (rho) p-value
Age rho = -0.062 0.053 (3) rho = -0.085 0.009(3)
  male (3.58 + 0.06), female (3.80 + 0.06) 0.002 (1) male (2.64 + 0.71), female (2.71 + 0.03) 0.086 (1)
Education junior high (3.73 + 1.39), senior high (3.76 + 1.37), vocational (3.1 + 1.20), vocational high (3.69 + 1.31), community college (3.73 + 1.28), college (3.83 + 1.47), grad school (3.17 + 1.47) 0.545 (2) junior high (2.73 + 0.75), senior high (2.73 + 0.61), vocational (2.60 + 0.67), vocational high (2.70 + 0.48), community college (2.69 + 0.75), college (2.49 + 0.73), grad school (2.36 + 0.67) 0.004 (2)
Occupation 1 (3.74 + 1.35), 2 (3.80 + 1.27),3(3.79 + 1.36), 4 (3.92 + 1.30), 5 (3.79 + 1.41), 6 (3.42 + 1.30), 7 (3.60 + 1.38) 0.746 (2) 1(2.63 + 0.66), 2(2.60 + 0.72),3(2.64 + 0.67), 4(2.70 + 0.69), 5(2.70 + 0.66), 6(2.32 + 0.75), 7(2.71 + 0.69) 0.287 (2)
Hospitalization 5 yrs rho = -0.021 0.510 (3) rho = 0.009 0.614 (2) 0.777 (3)
CurrentHealthCondition rho = 0.013 0.689 (3) rho = 0.042 0.343 (2) 0.200(3)
FirstAttentionPeriod Per1 (3.52 + 1.37), Per2 (3.75 + 1.33), Per3 (3.50 + 1.34), Per4 (3.73 + 1.37), Per5 (4.30 + 1.18), Per7 (4.31 + 1.46); rho = 0.210 0.000 (2) 0.000 (3) Per1 (3.52 + 1.37), Per2 (3.75 + 1.33), Per3 (3.50 + 1.34), Per4 (3.73 + 1.37), Per5 (4.30 + 1.18), Per7 (4.31 + 1.46); rho = 0.181 0.000(2) 0.000(3)
OpinionFormationPeriod Per2 (3.40 + 1.30), Per3 (3.32 + 1.39), Per4 (3.45 + 1.34), Per5 (3.68 + 1.32), Per7 (4.27 + 1.24), others(3.98 + 1.38); rho = 0.269 0.000 (2) 0.000 (3) Per2 (3.40 + 1.30), Per3 (3.32 + 1.39), Per4 (3.45 + 1.34), Per5 (3.68 + 1.32), Per7 (4.27 + 1.24); rho = 0.204 0.000(2) 0.000 (3)
KnowDonorCard yes (3.62 + 1.32), no (4.31 + 1.23) 0.000 (1) yes (2.66 + 0.67), no(2.80 + 0.70) 0.084(1)
KnowGovtEfforts rho = -0.083 0.009 (2) rho = -0.175 0.000(3)
Participation intent rho = 0.061 0.056 (3)   
Appraisal score    rho = 0.061 0.056(3)
  1. Note: Significance in appraisal score across groups were tested by (1) Mann-whitney tests (between two groups), (2) Kruskal-Wallis tests (among multiple groups), and/or (3) Spearman's rank correlations.