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Table 2 Costs and benefits of antenatal diagnosis typically noted by the medical profession

From: Antenatal screening and its possible meaning from unborn baby's perspective

Costs Benefits
For hospital and health authorities
1) Costs in connection with diagnosis, 1) Scarce resources allocated to
2) Costs involved in performing termination. children with good prognosis (rather
3) Costs in connection with counseling services. than to severely handicapped
For pregnant women and fathers-to-be
Availability of prenatal diagnosis
  1) Increase in the number of healthy
  children born to parents at risk who,
  had prenatal diagnosis not been
  available, would have avoided
  becoming pregnant.
Diagnostic procedures
1) Risk of fetal loss or injury,  
2) Maternal hazards,  
3) Maternal anxiety.  
true negative
  2) Reassurance,
  3) An increase in the number of
  healthy children born to parents at
  risk who, had the test result not been
  negative, would have terminated
  pregnancy on grounds of risk.
false negative
4) False reassurance.  
false positive
5) Abortion of healthy fetus,  
6) Grief and adverse psychological  
consequences of termination of non-affected  
true positive
-followed by abortion-
7) Grief and adverse psychological 4) Averted parental distress and
consequences of termination of affected burden of care for disabled child,
pregnancy. 5) Additional non-disabled children.
-not followed by abortion-
  6) Time to prepare for the birth of the
  disabled child.