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Table 3 Anticipated risks and benefits in the two case studies

From: When they see us, it’s like they have seen the benefits!”: experiences of study benefits negotiations in community-based studies on the Kenyan Coast

  The RSV-study The Malaria-study
Risks • Mild discomfort during NFS taking. • Detailed side effects - as is typical of vaccine trials - provided in the study protocol and informed consent,
• Time inconveniences. • Include severe (such as convulsions, diarrhoea) and mild events (e.g. pain, swelling at vaccination site).
Benefits For participants: For participants:
• Free medical care for all common illnesses (such as diarrhoea, fever regardless of cause, acute respiratory illness etc) during study. • Free health care for all routine illnesses (e.g. pneumonia, diarrhoea, URTI), vaccine related or otherwise, injuries), throughout the study period (about 3 years), and 1st visit of chronic illnesses (such as sickle cell disease, HIV, epilepsy). This includes:
• Clinical visits to every participating household once a month at home. • Free referral for specialized treatment where required, all costs at government facilities covered while transport is provided for first visit to non-government facilities;
• Other benefits/token staggered throughout the study period included two chairs to each household, sweets, educational materials and token1 at end of study.
• All transport to and from the hospital provided by the study team;
• Meals provided for participant and accompanying parents/guardian for all clinic visits;
Community benefits: Communal benefits:
• Boosting of three health facilities where the study is based; renovation of existing buildings, providing equipment; boosting of health staff, provision of essential drugs,
• Boosting local health services through provision of drugs, additional clinical staff.
• Water treatment for all communal water points.
• Provision of emergency medical aid during cholera epidemic including drugs, staff, referrals.
  1. 1Token given at the end of the study were said to be the study teams appreciation to participants for having persevered until the end of the study. They included educational materials, food items, and clothes to family members.