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Table 3 Researchers’ rating of work environment factors that affect scientific misconduct

From: Misconduct in research: a descriptive survey of attitudes, perceptions and associated factors in a developing country

  Very low Low High Very high *Total no of resp. + Non-resp.
Severity of penalties for scientific misconduct 37 (28.3) 69 (52.7%) 18 (13.7%) 7 (5.3%) 131 (100%) 2
Chances of getting caught for scientific misconduct if it occurs 26 (19.7%) 74 (56.1%) 29 (22%) 3 (2.3%) 132 (100%) 1
Researchers’ understanding of rules and procedures related to scientific misconduct 10 (7.6%) 67 (51.1%) 52 (39.8%) 2 (1.5%) 131 (100%) 2
Your own understanding of rules and procedures related to scientific misconduct. 2 (1.5%) 21 (16.1%) 78 (59.5%) 30 (22.9%) 131 (100%) 2
Researchers’ support of rules and procedures related to scientific misconduct 9 (7.0%) 61 (47.3%) 51 (39.5%) 8 (6.2%) 129 (100%) 4
The effectiveness of your institution’s rules and procedures for reducing scientific misconduct 13 (10.0%) 66 (50.8%) 42 (32.3%) 9 (6.9%) 130 (100%) 3
  1. *Total no of resp. = Total number of responses to the question.
  2. +Non resp. = Total number of non responses to the question.