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Table 2 Answers to questions about scientific dishonesty and other unethical behaviour in connection with research (Those who have answered YES in percent)

From: Scientific dishonesty—a nationwide survey of doctoral students in Norway

Questions Bergen Oslo 1 Oslo 2 Tromsø Trondheim All Norway All Sweden
Have you, nationally or internationally, heard about anyone who during the last 12 months that has
 Fabricated data 21,1 28,3 33,3 36,7 29,3 29,2 29
 Falsified data 18,4 23,9 23,3 30 24,4 23,8 31,8
 Plagiarised data 13,2 19,6 20 23,3 29,3 21,1 24,2
 Plagiarised publications 5,3 17,4 16,1 31,3 29,3 19,7 -
Have you yourself during the last 12 months been the object of pressure to
 Fabricate data 0 2,1 0 0 0 0,5 0
 Falsify data 0 2,1 0 0 0 0,5 5,4
 Plagiarise data 0 0 3,2 0 0 0,5 0
 Plagiarise publications 0 0 0 0 0 0 -
Have you during the last 12 months been exposed to unethical pressure concerning
 Ordering of authors 13,2 8,7 12,9 12,5 7,3 10,6 8,5
 Design/method 0 2,2 6,5 3,1 2,4 2,7 3,1
 Results 0 0 12,9 0 2,4 2,7 0,8
 Harassment 0 0 0 3,1 0 0,5 0,8
Have you during the last 12 months been affected by any consequences of scientific dishonesty
 Ethical 0 6,5 3,2 12,5 7,3 5,9 0
 Legal 0 0 3,2 3,1 0 1,1 0
Methodological 0 4,3 0 3,1 7,3 3,2 -
 Any other aspect 2,6 4,3 3,2 0 4,9 3,2 0
  1. Data from Sweden reproduced from Nilstun 2010.