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Table 1 Total number of questionnaires distributed and returned, together with the participants’ answers to questions about academic background

From: Scientific dishonesty—a nationwide survey of doctoral students in Norway

Site: Questions Bergen Oslo 1 Oslo 2 Tromsø Trondheim All in Norway All in Sweden
Returned/distributed (n) 38/56 47/48 31/39 32/39 41/80 189/262 134/230
Response rate (%) 67,9 97,9 79,5 82,1 51,3 72,1 58,3
Undergraduate studies in Norway n (%) 27 (71) 39 (83) 15 (47) 25 (78) 31 (76) 137 (72) -
Doing Clinical/Basic/Other research 20/11/6 24/12/10 7/18/6 14/8/10 20/5/16 85/54/48 -
Years of experience: <1yr/1-2yrs/>2yrs 23/11/4 34/9/4 17/8/6 11/15/6 33/7/1 118/50/21 -
Lectures or courses in science ethics as part of undergraduate studies (Yes/No/I do not remember) 21/12/5 31/11/5 25/4/2 22/7/3 25/12/4 124/66/20 -
Obligatory course (Yes/No) YES YES YES YES YES 262/262 128/6
Obligatory exam (Yes/No) YES YES YES YES YES 262/262 91/43
  1. Data from Sweden reproduced from Nilstun 2010.
  2. One was returned blank (and is not counted in the response rate as it does not contribute with information).
  3. The doctoral courses covering science ethics were obligatory at all universities in Norway, but the participation in the teaching every day was not obligatory.