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Table 3 Results from paired sample t-tests for the medical ethical principles

From: The four principles: Can they be measured and do they predict ethical decision making?

Pair X ̅ diff SD t
Non-maleficence vs Justice .09 .18 4.92
Non-maleficence vs Autonomy .09 .16 5.46
Non-maleficence vs Beneficence .11 .17 6.17
Non-maleficence vs Confidentiality .10 .20 4.75
Non-maleficence vs Truth Telling .13 .18 7.05
Autonomy vs Justice .00 .15 -.07
Autonomy vs Beneficence .01 .16 .83
Autonomy vs Confidentiality .00 .13 .36
Autonomy vs Truth Telling .04 .15 2.41
Justice vs Beneficence .01 .15 .96
Justice vs Confidentiality .01 .17 .34
Justice vs Truth Telling .04 .14 2.52
Beneficence vs Confidentiality -.01 .17 -.50
Beneficence vs Truth Telling .02 .14 1.52
Confidentiality vs Truth Telling .03 .16 1.88 +
  1. + p < .1, p < .05, p < .01, p < .001.