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Table 1 General representation of the matrix form of the medical ethical principles using Saaty’s (1980) pairwise task, and example matrix and weights for Person A

From: The four principles: Can they be measured and do they predict ethical decision making?

  2nd position (non-preferred)   Person A
   NM J A B TT C   NM J A B TT C Weights
  NM W 1 W 2 W 3 W 4 W 5   1 3 1 1 5 2 0.17
  J 1 W 1 W 6 W 7 W 8 W 9   3 1 3 1 5 2 0.20
1 st position ( preferred ) A 1 W 2 1 W 6 W 10 W 11 W 12   1 3 7 1 1 0.27
  B 1 W 3 1 W 7 1 W 10 W 13 W 14   1 1 1 7 5 1 5 0.11
  TT 1 W 4 1 W 8 1 W 11 1 W 13 W 15   1 5 1 5 1 1 5 1 5 0.06
  C 1 W 5 1 W 9 1 W 12 1 W 14 1 W 15   1 2 1 2 1 5 5 0.19
  1. NM = Non-maleficence, J = Justice, A = Autonomy, B = Beneficence, TT = Truth Telling, C = Confidentiality.