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Table 1 Participants' demographics

From: Nurse managers' experience with ethical issues in six government hospitals in Malaysia: A cross-sectional study

Variables Frequency Percentage
Age-group in years (N = 417)   
   20-30 1 0.2
   31-40 96 23.0
   41-50 154 36.9
   51-60 164 39.3
   > 60 2 0.5
Sex (N = 417)   
   Female 416 99.8
   Male 1 0.2
Position as nurse manager (N = 417)   
   Matron 52 12.5
   Sister 365 87.5
Years of practice (N = 402)   
   ≤ 10 10 0.7
   11-20 179 38.4
   21-30 159 36.2
   > 30 54 20.9
Years of practice as nurse manager (N = 413)   
   ≤ 5 337 80.8
   6-10 58 13.9
   11-15 13 3.1
   > 15 5 1.2
Area of practice (N = 412)   
   Multi-clinical disciplines 40 9.6
   Medical carea 113 27.1
   Surgical careb 109 26.1
   Obstetrics & Gynecology care 70 16.8
   Pediatrics & Pediatric Surgical care 35 8.4
   Anesthesiology & Critical care 21 5.0
   Non-clinical service 12 2.9
   Emergency care 12 2.9
Participation in committee that discuss ethical issues (N = 273) c
   Yes 72 26.4
   No 201 73.6
  1. aMedical care includes general medicine, cardiology, nephrology, neurology, psychiatry and rehabilitative care.
  2. bSurgical care includes general surgery, orthopedics, urology, otorhinolaryngology, cardiothoracic and neurosurgery.
  3. cFrom 273 nurse managers who knew there were committees that discuss ethical issues in their hospitals.