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Table 1 The interview questionnaire and preferences of the Saudi mothers (n = 402) about breaking bad news (BBN) concerning their newborns

From: Saudi mothers' preferences about breaking bad news concerning newborns: a structured verbal questionnaire

Interview Questionnaire Preferences* Kendall's W test
1. The BBN process should initially involve whom?   
   A. Myself and my husband together in the same setting. 64% (60-69) 0.29
Weak agreement
p < 0.001
   B. My husband first, and he will decide about the process of BBN to me. 17% (13-21)  
   C. Myself first. 16% (13-20)  
   D. The most responsible physician should decide. 3% (2-5)  
2. Would you agree if your husband requested to disclose the bad news to you through him in order to minimize your trauma?   
   A. Yes. 24% (20-29) 0.27
Weak agreement
p < 0.001
   B. No. 76% (72-81)  
3. How best should the BBN be delivered?   
   A. In person. 88% (85-91) 0.58
Moderate agreement
p < 0.001
   B. In person or over the phone. 12% (9-16)  
4. When would you prefer the BBN to be?   
   A. Early on, as soon as the bad news was identified. 79% (75-83) 0.48
Moderate agreement
p < 0.001
   B. The next day during routine postnatal rounds. 16% (12-20)  
   C. The most responsible physician should decide. 5% (3-7)  
5. By whom would you like to be informed if the most responsible physician is not on-site, such as outside regular working hours?   
   A. The most responsible physician, even if BBN needs to be postponed to the next day until he/she will be around. 50% (44-56) 0.14
Very weak agreement
p < 0.001
   B. Any physician who has a good understanding of the disease. 41% (35-47)  
   C. The most responsible physician should decide. 9% (6-13)  
6. How detailed do you prefer BBN to be?   
   A. Detailed. 81% (77-85) 0.52
Moderate agreement
p < 0.001
   B. Brief. 16% (13-20)  
   C. The most responsible physician should decide. 3% (2-5)  
7. How do you prefer the details to be communicated to you? §   
   A. All at once during the first meeting. 58% (52-63) 0.03
Very weak agreement
p = 0.005
   B. Gradually. 42% (37-48)  
8. Do you prefer the BBN meeting to be quiet and free even from minor distractions, such as the informer answering non-urgent pager/phone calls?   
   A. Yes. 86% (83-90) 0.53
Moderate agreement
p < 0.001
   B. Neutral. 14% (11-18)  
9. Do you prefer during BBN to have close bodily contact with your baby such as holding him/her in your lap?   
   A. Yes. 66% (61-70) 0.10
Very weak agreement
p < 0.001
   B. No. 34% (30-39)  
10. Do you prefer during BBN that one of your relatives or friends be there as a support person?   
   A. Yes. 56% (51-61) 0.01
Very weak agreement
p = 0.02
   B. No. 44% (39-49)  
11. Would you prefer during BBN that no another patient or his/her relatives be present?   
   A. Yes. 64% (59-68) 0.08
Very weak agreement
p < 0.001
   B. Neutral. 36% (32-41)  
12. Would you agree to detail in advance your preferences regarding the process of BBN by giving a reversible, written informed consent which will be kept in your medical record and utilized as guidance if needed?   
   A. Yes. 80% (76-84) 0.36
Moderate agreement
p < 0.001
   B. No. 20% (16-24)  
  1. *Expressed as a percentage (95% confidence interval).
  2. Question 2 was presented only to those whose did not prefer response B in Question 1 (n = 335).
  3. Question 5 was presented only to those who preferred BBN to be in person and early (Response A in both Questions 3 and 4) (n = 283).
  4. § Question 7 was presented only to those who preferred BBN to be detailed (Response A of Question 6) (n = 325).